COURSE CONTENT FOR ALL

Lexicon

The inventory of words of a language or the whole vocabulary of a person.

SpellBee International focuses on 1000-5000 age-appropriate words for every grade and has focused all its 15 exercises to reinforce the meaning and appropriate use of these words.

Example words taken for better explanation in this brochure: fore, run, forerunner, etc.

Key Points

Word bank, Spelling, Kinds of words, Forms of words, Word sounds, Inflections, Derivations, Compound words, Phrasal verbs, Agglutination, Neologic words, Foreign words, etc. A catalogue of special words like Currencies of the world, Food items, Cyber words, Science words, Math-related words, Sports words, Social science-related words, Management-related words, Career and Character Words, etc. are provided for every Grade.

Rounds

Rounds – 1,11 and 12

Spell it Right (Word bank)

Word Weaving

Compound Words and Kinds/Types of Words

Outcomes

• Learning and retaining new words

• Vocabulary knowledge with speedy access to words for  appropriate usage

• Develop reading speed

• Expansion of Lexicon (known word bank) grows year by year

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Phonology - Through Phonetics

It deals with the study of speech sounds based on the sound.

SpellBee International has developed a systematic classification of sounds of English Language.  

E.g. FORERUNNERS – /ˈfɔːˌrʌn.ərs/

Key Points

  •  Speech organs – Read only
  • Reading and writing phonemic transcriptions
  • The sound variations in the 44 sounds of English

   (Monophthongs, Diphthongs and Consonants)

Rounds

Rounds – 8

Phonetics – Exercises help in understanding silent letters, the sound differences between different phonemes, homophones, etc.

Outcomes

• Understand the phonetic symbols in the dictionary and  improve pronunciation

• Understand the English Sound System

• Be sensitive to small variations in sounds

• Apply the knowledge of English phonetics to improve their own  pronunciation

• Differentiate the sound change in various vowel sounds and  consonant patterns & sounds

• Understand how to speak English with correct pronunciation  without much guidance

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MORPHOLOGY THROUGH ETYMOLOGY

Morphology

Key Points

 

  • Morphemes (Smallest meaningful units) e.g. Pend, ment, tele
  • Word analsyis Fore + Runner + s

Rounds

Rounds -2      

Word Analysis

Outcomes

 

  • Contextual guessing
  • Paying attention to word formation
  • Utilising contextual clues from root words and guessing the meaning of unfamiliar words
  • Encoding and remembering

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Inflectional & Derivational Morphology

Inflections are alterations in the form of a word indicating the change in its form

E.g. RUN becomes RAN, RUNS, RUNNING  Derivation is the formation of a new word from a base word, usually by using a prefix and/or a suffix and sometimes by an infix. 

 Prefixing– Forerun, Outrun, Overrun, Rerun 

Suffixing–  Runner, Runners, Runny, Runnier, Runniest, Running

Key Points

  • Derivational affixes, Inflectional affixes
  • Grammatical units (ed, ing, ly, y), Inflectional endings
  • Stem and base forms of words, bound and free Morpheme
  • Lexemes, new word formations

Rounds

Rounds – 3

Inflections

Outcomes

 

  • Knowledge in forming a new word or new form of a word
  • Produce accurate grammatical forms of word in sentences
  • Understanding the blending and mashing of two words or partial  words to form a new word

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LEXICAL SEMANTICS

It is all about word meanings –  especially understanding multi-meaning words and how they change their meaning from one context to another.

 

Meanings

FORERUNNER

  1. a person or thing that came before and paved the way for something
  2. a person / sign which acts as a warning of something that is about to occur

synonyms

 

  • antecedent / prototype / pioneer
  • messenger / herald

Antonyms

 

descendant

 

Key Points

Homophones, Heteronyms, Homonyms, Other word forms,Pictorial Associations, Arriving at appropriate, alternative words for the context

Rounds

Round – 6, 10 and 13

Words and meanings

Crossword

Synonyms and Antonyms

Outcomes

•          Knowledge in meanings of the words

•          Retaining the new words learned, by associating them with the  pictures provided

•          Knowledge about the context in which the words are applied   and understanding the implied meaning

•          Getting better at creative writing and effective communication with the knowledge of synonyms

 

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PHRASEOLOGY

The study of the manner in which words or set of words are used to form phrases, idioms and other fixed expressions that can be used as a part of sentences or used as such in informal dialogues.

first runner – wrong   /   forerunner – right

forerunner on / in – wrong         forerunner of / to –  right

Takshashila: the first forerunner of all world universities –  wrong

Takshashila: the early forerunner of all world universities. – right

Key Points

 

Collocations, Patterns and Manners of word links and construction, Cultural Expressions, Phrases, Idioms, Proverbs and Adages

Rounds

Round – 3 and 14

Collocations

Idioms, Phrases and Proverbs

Outcomes

 

  • Knowledge in forming a new word or new form of a word
  • Produce accurate grammatical forms of word in sentences
  • Understanding the blending and mashing of two words or partial  words to form a new word

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SYNTAX

It is the structure of arrangement of words at a phrasal and sentence level.

FORERUNNER in sentences:

The sundial is the forerunner of clocks.

Sundials foreran clocks.

Did sundials forerun clocks?

Whoa, sundial foreruns clocks by several hundred years!

Forerunning clocks, sundials marked and predicted time accurately throughout the year.

Were there any forerunners to sundials?

Key Points

Sentence Types, Purpose, Structure,

Sentence Fragments, Clauses, Subject Verb Agreement,Verb Tense Forms, Modifiers.

Usage of homophones and commonly confused words insentences: Much/Many; Latter/Later; Eminent/Imminent; Compliment/Complement; Former/Earlier, etc.

Rounds

Round – 4 and 7

Find the Correct Sentence

Form the Correct Sentence

Outcomes

  • Using a variety of sentences appropriately and accurately
  • Using correct grammar structure
  • Ability to spot and correct common errors (useful in aptitude/entrance exams)

 

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COMPREHENSION

It is the ability to analyse, interpret and understand the given text.

FORERUNNER in a poem

 

A POEM

“Mind is the forerunner of all things.

Mind is their master. They are all mind-made.

Speak or act with a pure mind, and happiness will follow you

As your shadow, unshakeable.”

Key Points

  • A kind of poem (couplet, limerick, etc.)
  • A famous news article from history
  • An interesting letter from/to celebrated personalities
  • An advertisement/poster
  • A dialogue from a recommended fiction book
  • A product’s label

 

Rounds

Round – 9

Reading Comprehension

Outcomes

  • Scan for details and skim to main ideas swiftly
  • Distinguish facts from opinion, main ideas from supporting details
  • Identify author’s purpose and tone
  • Locate and select relevant information
  • Identify key points, synthesise and organize information for effective delivery

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LITERARY EXPRESSIONS - GK

It is for a holistic understanding and appreciation for literature, the individuals who produced these masterpieces and the literary devices they handled.

POEM: FORERUNNERS – RALPH WALDO EMERSON

Key Points

Recommended Authors – Age appropriate Famous Literary Characters, Usage of Literary devices

Flashback, Flashforward, Myth, Onomatopeia, Genre, Riddle, Biography, Auto- Biography, Stanza, Palindrome, Homophones, Conflict, Dialect, Slang, Ode, Setting, Fantasy, Nemesis, Drama, Tragedy, Ambiguity, Pun, Sonnet, Plot. Imagery, Limerick, Sarcasm,Simile, Metaphor, Dilemma, Flat Character, Dynamic, Cliché – 90 literary devices handled in all groups together.

Rounds

Round – 5 and 9

Literature-based GK

Reading Comprehension

Outcomes

  • Better knowledge of different authors, books, etc.
  • Awareness on age-appropriate books to read
  • Analysis and understanding of the characters, actions, motives and values in the fictional and non fictional books to live a better life
  • Use literary devices to enliven writing

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PRAGMATICS

It deals with the contextual meaning of words in a given expression depending on the user’s assumption, expectation, etc.

FORERUNNER – CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER

Since dinosaurs lived more than 230 million years ago, they were thought to be one of the first animals. But there were far too many forerunners to dinosaurs like the Haikouichthys, Astraspis  etc.Platypuses, green sea turtles, crocodiles coexisted with dinosaurs. Cockroaches predate dinosaurs but continues to live till today!

Key Points

Story Sequencing, Chronological order, Logical Order, Decision making order, Analogical order, Emphatic order, Climactic Order, Compare and contrast, Deductive Reasoning, Process Paragraph, Cause and Effect Order

Critical Reasoning, Narrative Paragraph, Problem and Solution Order, Persuasive Poem, Inductive Reasoning Analytical Paragraph, Experimental Report Writing, Narrative Writing ‘‘How-to’ poem/‘How-to’ Paragraph, Argument and Counter argument

 

 

Rounds

Round – 15

Presenting an Argument

Outcomes

  • High order thinking skills

  • Enhancement of reflection skills

  • Identifying contextual clues

  • Integrating perspectives by better textual level comprehension

  • Demonstrating the ability to think critically

  • Understanding the factors such as time, place and the context in which an expression is made

  • analysing speaker’s and receiver’s understanding

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